Habib ustman mufti betawi yang terlupakan

Betawipost co.id HABIB Usman bin Yahya Mufti Betawi dari jakarta lahir di Pekojan,Jakarta Barat pada tanggal 17 Rabi’ul Awwal 1238 H atau 1822 M. Ayahnya adalah Abdullah bin Aqil bin Syech bin Abdurahman bin Aqil bin Ahmad bin Yahya. Sedangkan ibunya adalah Aminah binti Syekh Abdurahman Al-Misri. Beliau pergi ke Mekah untuk menunaikan ibadah Haji, tetapi kemudian bermukim di sana selama 7 tahun dengan maksud memperdalam ilmunya. Guru utama beliau adalah ayahnya sendiri. Sedangkan ketika berada di Mekah beliau belajar/berguru pada sayyid Ahmad Zaini Dahlan ( Mufti Mekah ). Pada tahun 1848 beliau berangkat pula ke Hadramaut untuk balajar pada guru-gurunya.
GURU-GURU HABIB USTMAN
1.Syekh Abdullah bin Husein bin Thahir
2.Habib Abdullah bin Umar bin Yahya
3.Habib Alwi bin Saggaf Al-Jufri
4.Habib Hasan bin Shaleh Al-Bahar.

“Dari Hadramaut beliau berangkat pula ke Mesir dan belajar di Kairo walaupun hanya untuk 8 bulan. Kemudian meneruskan perjalanan lagi ke Tunis ( berguru pada Syekh Abdullah Basya ), Aljazair ( belajar pada Syekh Abdurahman Al-Magribhi ), Istanbul, Persia dan Syiria. Maksud beliau berpergian dari satu negeri ke negeri lain adalah untuk memperoleh dan mendalami bermacam-macam ilmu seperti ilmu fiqh, tasawuf, tarikh, falak, dan lain-lain. Setelah itu beliau kembali ke Hadramaut.Sumber dari buku Menelusuri Silsilah Suci Bani Alawi – Idrus Alwi Almasyhur

“HABIB Utsman seorang mufti di dunia Melayu yang paling banyak dipercakapkan orang. Realiti tersebut tidak dapat kita nafikan kerana memang banyak sebab orang bercakap mengenainya, sama ada orang yang suka maupun yang kontroversi.

Setiap langkah kebijaksanaan seseorang ulama atau tokoh besar memang demikianlah yang akan berlaku.Hampir semua ulama asli Jakarta yang ada sekarang merupakan pertalian daripada Saiyid Utsman turun ke murid, tidak ubah seumpama Syeikh Abdul Azhim dengan ulama-ulama Madura, Syeikh Ahmad Khatib Minangkabau dengan ulama-ulama Minangkabau: Tok Kenali dengan ulama-ulama Malaysia dan lain-lain seumpama mereka.

habib Utsman bin yahya pernah belajar kepada ulama-ulama di Mekah

Syeikh Ahmad ad-Dimyathi, Saiyid Ahmad bin Zaini Dahlan, Saiyid Muhammad bin Husein al-Habsyi dan Syeikh Rahmatullah. Di Hadhramaut, beliau belajar kepada Saiyid Abdullah bin Husein bin Thahir, Saiyid Abdullah bin Umar bin Yahya, Saiyid Hasan al-Bahr dan lain-lain. Di Tunisia, beliau belajar kepada Syarif Muhammad bin Abdul Jawad al-Qabisi.

Karya-karyanya HABIB USTMAN BIN YAHYA
1. Jawazu Ta’addudil Jumu’ah, ditulis tahun 1286 H.
2. Manhaj al-Istiqamah fi ad-Dini bi as-Salamah, selesai pada 5 Zulkaedah 1307 H/1890 H.
3. Mazil al-Auham wa at-Taraddud fi Amri Shalah al-Jumu’ah Ta’addud, ditulis tahun 1312 H.
4. Taftih al-Maqallatain wa Tabyin al-Mufsidin al-Makhba-ataini fi ar-Risalah al-Ma’mati bi Shulhi al-Juma’ataini, ditulis tahun 1313 H.
5. Al-Qawanin asy-Syar’iyah, ditulis tahun 1317 H.
6. Perhiasan Bagus.
7. Shifat Dua puluh.
8. Samth asy-Syuzur wa al-Jawahir fi Hilli Takhshish an-Nuzur li as-Sadah.
9. Kitab al-Faraidh.
10. Hadits Keluarga.
11. Maslak al-Akhyar.
12. Abadul Insan.
13. Iqazhuniyah fi ma Yata’allaqu bi Lahillah wa Shiyam.
14. Az-Zahrul Basim.
15. I’anah al-Mustarsyidin.
16. Thariq as-Salamah.
17. Salam al-Muslimin.
18. Terjemah Hukum Islam.
19. Sa’adah al-Anam.
20. Tamyiz al-Haq.
21. Perihal Hukum Azan.
22. Irsyad al-Anam.
23. Taftih al-‘Uyun.
24. Miftah as-Sa’adah.
25. Tafsir Surah Kahfi.
26. As-Silsalah an-Nabawiyah.
27. Qamus Tiga Bahasa.
28. Qamus Kecil.
29. Hukum Gambar.
30. Hikam ar-Rahman.
31. Hadits Empat Puluh.
32. Bab al-Minan.
33. Mukhtashar al-Qamus.
34. Tujuh Faidah.
35. Dan lain-lain.

“Penampilan Habib Usman yang perlente karena keluasan ilmu dan pergaulan yang sangat luas baik terhadap Pribumi maupun terhadap Musuh Belanda. Beliau diangkat sebagai Mufti Betawi menggantikan Syech Abdu ghani yang telah wafat. Beliau sangat di segani oleh ulama -ulama di Betawi karena keluasan ilmu yang dimiliki setiap menjelang bulan Ramadhon beliau mengumpulkan para ulama-ulama baik Ulama-ulama Betawi maupun diluar Betawi. Bertempat di Masjid keramat Luar batang di makom Waliyulloh Habib Husein bin abu bakar al idrus. Forum silahturahim para ulama yang di gagas oleh Habib Usman bin Yahya tersebut hingga saat ini masih tetap di lestarikan maka setiap akhir kamis di bulan Syaban ramai ramai baik para ulama dan masyarakat dari berbagai daerah datang berkunjung keluar batang untuk bersilahturahim menyambut bulan Ramadhon dan mengambil Tabaruk dari Shohibul makom dengan suguhan hidangan khas Nasi kebulinya. Karena biasanya para ulama-ulama selama bulan Romadhon jarang keluar rumah mereka khusu’ beribadah di rumah selama bulan Romadhon.
Tahun 1913 Habib usman bin yahya wafat dengan meninggalkan buah karya kitab yang sampai saat ini masih di baca dan menjadi rujukan para ulama.

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